18 Octobre 2017
Manhattan, New York City,
New York, U.S.
|Dedicated||October 28, 1886|
|Restored||1938, 1984–1986, 2011–2012|
|Sculptor||Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi|
|Visitors||3.2 million (in 2009)|
|Governing body||U.S. National Park Service|
|Website||Statue of Liberty National Monument|
Statue of Liberty
Liberty Enlightening the World
"The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World" was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the United States and is recognized as a universal symbol of freedom and democracy.
The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886. It was designated as a National Monument in 1924.
Employees of the National Park Service have been caring for the colossal copper statue since 1933.
Today, the Statue of Liberty remains an enduring symbol of freedom and democracy, as well as one of the world’s most recognizable landmarks.
The statue was designed and built in France
It was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and built by Gustave Eiffel, who is also behind the building of the Eiffel Tower
The statue is sculpted into a woman wearing a robe and a crown
She is holding a torch in her raised right hand and a tablet in her left, upon which was engraved “July 4, 1776,” the adoption date of the Declaration of Independence.
At her feet lies a broken chain.
The statue is a representation of the Roman goddess, Libertas.
Although the Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886, making it 131 years old in 2017, its origin can be traced to 1865
To give the sculpture a peaceful appearance, Bartholdi chose to design the right hand holding a torch, which symbolizes progress.
The tabula ansata in the left hand represents the law
Libertas was commonly worshipped by the Romans, especially the emancipated slaves
in 1986, it underwent an extensive renovation in honor of the centennial of its dedication
In 1892, the U.S. government opened a federal immigration station on Ellis Island
Between 1892 and 1954, some 12 million immigrants were processed on Ellis Island before receiving permission to enter the United States
On a plaque at the entrance to the statue’s pedestal is engraved a sonnet called “The New Colossus,” written in 1883 by Emma Lazarus
Its most famous passage speaks to the statue’s role as a welcoming symbol of freedom and democracy for the millions of immigrants who came to America seeking a new and better life:
“Give me your tired, your poor/Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free/The wretched refuse of your teeming shore/Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me/I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
HUDDLE (of people or animals) to gather closely together, usually because of cold or fear
We huddled together for warmth.
They all huddled around the fire.
People huddled up close to each other.
BrE / ˈjɜːnɪŋ / [C, U] (formal)
a strong and emotional desire
~ (for sb/ sth) a yearning for a quiet life
BrE / ˈretʃɪd /
1 (of a person) feeling ill/ sick or unhappy
You look wretched—what's wrong?
I felt wretched about the way things had turned out.
2 (formal) extremely bad or unpleasant awful
She had a wretched time of it at school.
The animals are kept in the most wretched conditions.
3 (formal) making you feel sympathy or pity pitiful
She finally agreed to have the wretched animal put dowre•fuse2 noun
BrE / ˈrefjuːs /
waste material that has been thrown away
domestic/ household refuse
the city refuse dump
BrE / ˈtiːmɪŋ /
present in large numbers; full of people, animals, etc. that are moving around
the teeming streets of the city