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Statue of Liberty

 

LocationLiberty Island
Manhattan, New York City,
New York,[1] U.S.
  
Coordinates: 40°41′21″N 74°2′40″W
Height
  • Height of copper statue (to torch):      151 feet 1 inch (46 meters)
  • From ground level to torch: 305 feet 1 inch (93 meters)
Dedicated      October 28, 1886
Restored1938, 1984–1986, 2011–2012
SculptorFrédéric Auguste Bartholdi
Visitors3.2 million (in 2009)[2]
Governing bodyU.S. National Park Service
WebsiteStatue of Liberty National Monument

 

Statue of Liberty
Liberty Enlightening the World

"The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World" was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the United States and is recognized as a universal symbol of freedom and democracy. 

The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886.  It was designated as a National Monument in 1924. 

 Employees of the National Park Service have been caring for the colossal copper statue since 1933.

Today, the Statue of Liberty remains an enduring symbol of freedom and democracy, as well as one of the world’s most recognizable landmarks.

The statue was designed and built in France

It was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and built by Gustave Eiffel, who is also behind the building of the Eiffel Tower

The statue is sculpted into a woman wearing a robe and a crown
She is holding a torch in her raised right hand and a tablet in her left, upon which was engraved “July 4, 1776,” the adoption date of the Declaration of Independence.
At her feet lies a broken chain. 
The statue is a representation of the Roman goddess, Libertas.

Although the Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886, making it 131 years old in 2017, its origin can be traced to 1865


To give the sculpture a peaceful appearance, Bartholdi chose to design the right hand holding a torch, which symbolizes progress.
The tabula ansata in the left hand represents the law
Libertas was commonly worshipped by the Romans, especially the emancipated slaves

in 1986, it underwent an extensive renovation in honor of the centennial of its dedication

In 1892, the U.S. government opened a federal immigration station on Ellis Island

Between 1892 and 1954, some 12 million immigrants were processed on Ellis Island before receiving permission to enter the United States

On a plaque at the entrance to the statue’s pedestal is engraved a sonnet called “The New Colossus,” written in 1883 by Emma Lazarus

Its most famous passage speaks to the statue’s role as a welcoming symbol of freedom and democracy for the millions of immigrants who came to America seeking a new and better life:
 “Give me your tired, your poor/Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free/The wretched refuse of your teeming shore/Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me/I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”

 

 

word bank

HUDDLE (of people or animals) to gather closely together, usually because of cold or fear

 We huddled together for warmth.  

 They all huddled around the fire.  

 People huddled up close to each other.

 

yearning noun

BrE / ˈjɜːnɪŋ / [C, U] (formal)

a strong and emotional desire

 longing

 ~ (for sb/ sth) a yearning for a quiet life

 

wretched  adj.

BrE / ˈretʃɪd /

 

1 (of a person) feeling ill/ sick or unhappy

 You look wretched—what's wrong?  

 I felt wretched about the way things had turned out.  

2 (formal) extremely bad or unpleasant  awful

 She had a wretched time of it at school.  

 The animals are kept in the most wretched conditions.  

3 (formal) making you feel sympathy or pity  pitiful

 She finally agreed to have the wretched animal put dowre•fuse2 noun

 

REFUSE  (NOUN)

BrE / ˈrefjuːs /

[U] (formal)

waste material that has been thrown away

 rubbish/ garbage

 domestic/ household refuse

 the city refuse dump

 

teeming adj.

BrE / ˈtiːmɪŋ /

 present in large numbers; full of people, animals, etc. that are moving around

 teeming insects

 the teeming streets of the city

 

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