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activité de suivi pour mes élèves: outils, conseils, recaps, quelques blagues...

TS SVT October

Thursday, October 18th    Gr 1 

Today we can notice that a number of pupils are missing. The week has been very hard. The was a lot of work to do and it is not over because even this evening we have to do some homework. It has taken its toll. 

We would like to go over the last lesson again because some points need to be understood in order to understand immigration in the USA. 

Although / though / even if the USA is a very young country (only about 2 hundred and fifty years old), it is an extremely powerful / influential country.

It has attracted millions of immigrants and they have largely contributed to its wealth (riches/abundance)( why is that?) throughout its history. Actually, they have shaped this country.

We can remember the cover of the Time magazine 'the new face America' which lays the emphasis on the diversity and the multiculturalism they brought. 

Indeed, those immigrants from all over the world brought so much with them ( many languages and different cultures) that we can say it is an extra-ordinary country as its history is unique. In a word, we can say that immigration defines the USA as immigrants have shaped and created this nation which is a  nation of nations.

When we study immigration in the USA, we have to analyse the reasons why people have left their homelands and secondly we have to understand what has attracted them, why  they have chosen the USA especially. 

And this could be encapsulated in two words, two verbs: 'push and pull'

In other words: what pushes them out of their country and what attracted them in the USA?

Here, with the answers we found, we have come to note several periods of time that correspond to several main waves if immigration. 

In the second part, we have come to understand their motives:  

- Freedom to worship:

Some people were not allowed to choose their religion / their faith and in some cases they were/ are persecuted. So they came to the USA (and they still come) so as to be able to free to worship their god: they are in search of religious freedom 

= A strong desire to create a new society in which they could have a religious freedom.

- Freedom from oppression:

Some people can feel persecuted because of their political ideas or because of their being of mixed races or from a minority group. They want to escape this life of constant harassment/ persecution. They want to be free from any form of discrimination. For example a great number of Jews flee the horrors of the Holocaust during and after WW2 and found a refuge in the USA where they could start anew / start from scratch.

America offered the opportunity to make a new life in a land that valued Liberty.

- Freedom from want:

Some people were/are in such difficult situations that emigrating is a solution to get a better chance / to get away from extreme poverty or else from unemployment. They hope for better living conditions / standards of living / a chance to make a life for themselves and their family

Immigrants hoped to have a better quality of life with a plot of land which was for them a means to survive and become prosperous.

- Freedom from fear:

Some people were/are in such dire situations that emigrating was/is not an option for them; for example the people who suffered/suffer from starvation (we may evoke the Irish and the potato famine)

Escaping to America was not an option, it was a matter of life and death for some immigrants.

- Freedom to create:

We particularly think of the artists because some of them can't express themselves freely in their native countries as they seem to produce dissident/ opposing ideas / ideas that oppose the state. It is their jobs to express a point of view, a vision of life and their work sometimes endangers politicians or a political system. Their lives may be at risk and sometimes they have to flee. 

In addition, it is well-known that the USA have lured away / attracted a great number of highly skilled people because it has become a major place on the world level. 

Immigrants collectively represented the single greatest transfer of talent the world had ever seen

 

NEW WORDS 

  • powerful/ influential
  • encapsulate
  • although / though / even if
  • living standards
  • jail / prison (to be sent to jail)
  • be an atheist
  • Jew noun  BrE / dʒuː  /  

a member of the people and cultural community whose traditional religion is Judaism and who come from the ancient Hebrew people of Israel; a person who believes in and practises Judaism

  • Jewish adj    BrE / ˈdʒuːɪʃ  /

 connected with Jews or Judaism; believing in and practising Judaism
 We're Jewish.    
 the local Jewish community
  Jewishness / BrE ˈdʒuːɪʃnəs   NAmE ˈdʒuːɪʃnəs  / noun [U]

TS SVT GROUP 1    Thursday, October 5th

Bp 32 New Americans (part 2)

Although we can't see a date on the cover, this issue of the Time magazine can't be old. It must  have been published recently  because / as  it evokes computerized data. So we can guess it deals with the situation regarding  immigration nowadays.

The article will probably deal with multiculturalism, which is one of the main/ principal characteristics of this young country (Although it was discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, the United States as we know it today really started with the Constitution, which went into effect in 1789, making the current republic 216 years old. )

Indeed, the USA was shaped by its immigrants / waves of immigrants.

The focus of the picture / photograph is the face of a young (and) attractive woman. Actually, we learn that she is not real: she was created by a computer and represents / stands for several different races from all over the world. She is a mix / a blend of all these races (/ ethnies).

The article  insists on / lays the emphasis on/ emphasizes   the fact that the USA is the result of several diverse cultures. 

 

New words

  • a headache
  • ache, d, d, ing = feel a continuous dull pain

I'm aching all over

  • deep= having a large distance from the top or surface to the bottom

comparative  >> deeper  and superlative >> the deepest   

  • shape, d, d, -ing  : make sth into a particular shape  (= form ) 

> ~ sth This tool is used for shaping wood

lay the emphasis on / insist on/ emphasize, d, d -ing 

(lay, laid, laid, -ing)

  • lay the emphasis on sth + adv./ prep.  :used with a noun to form a phrase that has the same meaning as the verb related to the noun

 > to lay the blame on sb (= to blame sb)
 > Our teacher lays great stress on good spelling (= stresses it strongly).

  • wave : a large number of people or things suddenly moving or appearing somewhere

(a raised line of water that moves across the surface of the sea, ocean, etc.)

Homework:

why is the face of his woman deliberately young? attractive? (think of what she stands for besides the immigrants)

point of view : Why does she look so calm / placid? (usually, when we talk "immigration" we talk about racism, xenophobia, nativism, etc.) = which idea does it evoke?

When we talk about multiculturalism or diversity in the USA, a special word is used, which is....?

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